There is a lot of S3 and JetS3t news tonight.
Versioning For All
The latest JetS3t code has full support for versioning that makes it very easy to use. You can enable versioning for a bucket like so:
Then should you ever need to recover some data -- such as after accidentally deleting an object or overwriting data with a corrupted file -- you can find and retrieve the prior versions:
// List an object's prior versions BaseVersionOrDeleteMarker versions = restS3Service .getObjectVersions("bucket-name", "object-name"); // Retrieve the next-to-last version of data String versionId = versions[versions.length - 2].getVersionId(); S3Object priorVersionObject = s3Service.getVersionedObject( versionId, "bucket-name", "object-name");
The Second Factor
As well as rolling out broader availability of the versioning feature Amazon has (somewhat quietly) added another interesting feature: the first API-level support for multi-factor authentication. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) adds an extra level of security to systems by requiring users to prove ownership of a token or device of some kind in addition to their normal login credentials. This means that even if someone steals or guesses your credentials they will be unable to perform actions on your account because they do not possess the device.
In Amazon's case, like PayPal and some banks before them, the additional factor comprises a small electronic device that generates code numbers. Once you have purchased one of these devices and enabled it in your AWS account you will be required to provide an extra code number when performing certain tasks.
Previously the additional MFA device code was only required when you logged in to the AWS Console but as of today you can turn on MFA for your S3 buckets in tandem with versioning. When versioning with MFA is enabled not only will the bucket's owner be the only user who can permanently delete object versions, but this user will be required to provide a time-limited MFA code to do so.
Again, this is relatively straight-forward to use in JetS3t:
// Require MFA to permanently delete object versions restS3Service.enableBucketVersioningWithMFA("bucket-name"); // Obtain user's MFA device serial number and time-limited code String multiFactorSerialNumber = "#111222333"; String multiFactorAuthCode = "12345678"; // Delete an MFA-protected object version restS3Service.deleteVersionedObjectWithMFA(versionId, multiFactorSerialNumber, multiFactorAuthCode, "bucket-name", "object-name");
The addition of MFA support at the API level in S3 is particularly interesting because this is the first time Amazon has done so, and because it raises some interesting challenges for developers who are accustomed to building fully-automated systems. To take advantage of the protection the MFA provides a system will need to prompt the user for her MFA code every 30 seconds or so when she wishes to permanently delete data. I am keen to see how -- and if -- developers actually build this feature into their applications.
Finally, repeating the news I posted recently on the JetS3t discussion forums, I have decided to move the JetS3t codebase from it's old home at java.net over to the BitBucket service: http://bitbucket.org/jmurty/jets3t/
BitBucket has the advantage of being a more modern, easy-to-navigate site, and has seamless support for Mercurial which is my favorite source code management tool. So it's farewell to java.net and CVS, you served us well but it's time for some new blood.
Try out the latest code and let me know what you think. Head over to the JetS3t BitBucket repository and grab the latest code via a pull (if you're familiar with Mercurial) or simply download it via the "get source" link.